Minneapolis police are taught to restrain combative suspects with a knee on their back or shoulders if necessary but are told to "stay away from the neck when possible", a department use-of-force instructor testified Tuesday at former Officer Derek Chauvin's murder trial.
Continuing to kneel on Floyd's neck once he was handcuffed behind his back and lying on his stomach was "in no way, shape or form" part of department policy or training, "and it is certainly not part of our ethics or our values", Police Chief Medaria Arradondo said Monday on Day Six of Chauvin's murder trial.
Prosecutors argue Chauvin, who is White, killed Floyd by kneeling on the 46-year-old Black man's neck for 9 minutes, 29 seconds as he lay face-down in handcuffs outside a corner market.
It was testified that police are taught how to interact with suspects who are going through crisis.
"My opinion was that the force was excessive", he said. Arradondo and Mayor Jacob Frey also made several policy changes, including expanded reporting of use-of-force incidents and attempts to de-escalate situations.
He said once Floyd stopped resisting, however, Chauvin should have backed off. He said that while that type of restraint may occasionally happen, it wouldn't be authorized for someone who is handcuffed and under control.
"Does this appear to be a neck restraint?"
Officer Nicole Mackenzie, the medical coordinator for the Minneapolis Police Department, testified that officers are trained in CPR, the administration of Narcan to reverse the effects of opiates and receive training in the subject of excited delirium, a state in which some subjects allegedly develop super human strength and a high tolerance for pain.
Chauvin has pleaded not guilty to murder and manslaughter charges for Floyd's arrest on suspicion that Floyd had used a fake $20 bill to buy cigarettes at a store.
Mr. Nelson, who has repeatedly portrayed the crowd of onlookers as an obstacle to the treatment of Mr. Floyd, asked her if an unruly crowd might make it hard for an officer to assess whether a person was in medical distress and even make it unsafe to begin medical treatment.
"When we talk about fast-evolving situations. a lot of the time we have the time to slow things down and reevaluate and reassess and go through this model", Yang said. "Only if they were physically getting themselves involved", she said.
The judge said he would rule later on Hall's request not to testify.
The friend, Morries Hall, was in the auto with Floyd when police arrived, setting the stage for the attempt to arrest Floyd.
Mr. Nelson has said if he had the opportunity to question Mr. Hall, he would want to know if he had been the one to give drugs to Mr. Floyd.
Prosecutors are seeking to prove that Floyd's death was due to asphyxiation, while Chauvin's defense claims it was due to illegal drugs in Floyd's system.
"It's recognizing that when we get the call from our communities, it may not often be their best day, and they may be experiencing something that's very traumatic", the chief said. The judge said he would allow Mr. Nelson to draft questions on that topic for the sake of further discussion on Thursday.
"Opposing counsel has suggested nearly an alternative perpetrator", Mr. Schleicher said.
Before he was pinned to the ground, Mr Floyd struggled with police who were trying to put him in a squad vehicle. The trial is expected to take several breaks throughout the day.
Mr Chauvin's lawyer Eric Nelson has fought against that notion by emphasising that officers have to consider different factors while using force, such as potential threats from a nearby crowd.