While orbiting around the Earth, SDO has gathered 425 million high-resolution images of the Sun, NASA said in a statement on the release of the time-lapse footage. With the help of these instruments, the solar probe captures an image of the Sun every 0.75 seconds with the AIA on its own capturing an image every 12 seconds at 10 different wavelengths of light.
"This 10-year time lapse showcases photos taken at a wavelength of 17.1 nanometers, which is an extreme ultraviolet wavelength that shows the Sun's outermost atmospheric layer - the corona", said NASA. Since launching in February 2010, the NASA probe has documented the Sun with daily high-resolution photography.
The Solar Dynamic Observatory of NASA has been looking over the Sun's activities for the past decade every day.
With all of these images, astronomers and scientists were able to acquire a more deeper understanding of the inner workings of our closest star. It condenses those 10 years into just 61 minutes. The accompanying NASA article explains that the "dark frames in the video are caused by Earth or the Moon eclipsing SDO as they pass between the spacecraft and the Sun". It accomplishes these tasks by determining how the Sun's magnetic field is generated, and how this stored magnetic energy is converted and released into the heliosphere and geospace in the form of solar wind, energetic particles, and aberrations in the solar irradiance.
And though NASA's SDO has watched the Sun without respite for 10 years, there are notable anomalies during the time-lapse.
The custom music for the video is titled "Solar Observer" and has been composed by Lars Leonhard.
Since 2010, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) has diligently observed our warming star and delivered back to its mission control ground team a wealth of astonishing images of the shining object in never-seen detail.