The SDO mission of NASA was launched in the year 2010 to understand the origin of Sun's energy, how the inside of the Sun works, and how energy is stored and released in the Sun's atmosphere.
NASA has celebrated the 10-year anniversary of its Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) by releasing a stunning time-lapse video showing the evolution of the Sun's atmosphere over that period.
Over the past 10 years, the spacecraft has gathered 425 million high-resolution images of the Sun, amassing 20 million gigabytes of data, NASA said. The video might also offer other insights about the closest star and its influence over the solar system.
With a triad of instruments, SDO captures an image of the Sun every 0.75 seconds.
The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) instrument alone captures images every 12 seconds at 10 different wavelengths of light. According to NASA, the Sun's magnetic field goes through a cycle, called the solar cycle.
USA space agency NASA has put out a time lapse video of the Sun squeezing a decade's time into one hour.
The new video was put together using images of our star captured in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength of 17.1 nanometers. The sun's quiescence wasn't a surprise; every 11 years or so, the sun's magnetic poles suddenly switch places; North becomes South, solar magnetic activity begins to wane, and the sun's surface starts to look like a tranquil sea of yellow fire.
Eagle-eyed viewers might also catch transiting planets and solar eruptions.
What does 10 years mean to our 4.6 billion-year-old sun? "The dark frames in the video are caused by Earth or the Moon eclipsing SDO as they pass between the spacecraft and the Sun".
While an instrument failure resulted in a longer blackout in 2016. The music was composed by Lars Leonhard.