"While human incidence of West Nile virus is rare, it is a unsafe disease with no cure or vaccine for people, so residents should protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites", Public Health Director Phillip Tarte said, according to WWAY.
"As we head into late summer, we know that residents and visitors to Toronto are maximizing their time outside to enjoy the weather and outdoor activities", Dr. Eileen de Villa, Toronto's medical officer of health, said in a news release Tuesday. It has been confirmed as the first human case of West Nile in Toronto in 2019 and it serves a reminder to always take the proper precautions.
The virus is transmitted to people through a bit from an infected mosquito. There were no other reported cases this year, while last year there were 39 human cases in Toronto. The first case in 2018 was reported on July 27.
Most people infected with the virus see no symptoms, but those who are affected can experience things such as headaches, vomiting, diarrhea, rashes, etc. People who are impacted most often develop mild symptoms including fevers and body aches, though the virus can occasionally cause severe disease or even death.
In addition to wearing long sleeves and long trousers and using bug repellent, the CDC also recommends controlling mosquitoes inside and outside your home by putting screens on windows and doors and preventing mosquitoes from laying eggs in or near water.
Apply insect repellent containing DEET or icaridin.
Ensure your home has tight-fitting screens on windows and doors. That includes any water that collects such items as buckets, planters, toys and waste containers.