Bhutan ranks high as the 15th most peaceful country in the world, so South Asia's rankings improved too.
In 2019, the world became very slightly more peaceful for the first time in five years, said the IEP, which used data from groups including think tanks, research institutes, governments and universities to compile the index. The country is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark.
With a score of 2.294, our country has improved its place with three positions up to compare with the previous Index.
The Institute for Economics and Peace said the greatest increase in peacefulness occurred in the Russian Federation and Eurasia region, where "the number of deaths from conflict declined, owing to the de-escalation of violence in Ukraine", which rose two places to rank 150th out of 163 countries in the 2019 Global Peace Index.
For the first time, climate change received a dedicated section in the report, which is the largest of its kind.
Steve Killelea, the founder and chief executive of the IEP, told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) on Wednesday that the top nine countries facing the highest risk were all in Asia, with the Philippines at the top of the list. China, Bangladesh, and India, score in the bottom half of the GPI and have significant exposure to climate hazards, with 393 million people in high climate hazard areas, the report observed.
The GPI report said the Middle East and North Africa region had a strong finish to the year due the military defeat of ISIL.
What is the Global Peace Index? . In both regions, the number of deaths from conflict declined in Ukraine and Syria respectively.
Internal peace includes the following: perceptions of criminality, security officers and police rate, homicide rate, incarnation rate, access to small arms, intensity of internal conflict, violent demonstrations, violent crime, political instability, political terror, weapons imports, terrorism impact, deaths from internal conflict, and internal conflicts fought. Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, and MENA recorded improvements across all three GPI domains.
"The increase in peacefulness was the result of a reduction in the severity of several major conflicts worldwide, which led to decreases in death from internal conflict", said the report. "There is still a high level of conflict there but it is starting to show an improvement in peacefulness through better governance but it's too early to say if the trend will be repeated in the long-term".
While most and least peaceful countries remain the margin, there is a growing gap of countries under risk of becoming unstable in between. This figure is equivalent to 11.2 per cent of the world's economic activity or $1,853 per person. Syria suffered the worst at 67 per cent.