In a May 14 letter, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities asked House and Senate appropriators to reject the proposal to pay for the NASA budget increase with Pell Grant funding.
After its formation, the moon's interior cooled over time, causing the surface of the moon to shrink the same way a grape shrivels up into a raisin, according to NASA.
The announcement comes about six weeks after Vice President Mike Pence called for an accelerated program to return humans to the lunar surface for the first time since the last Apollo lunar landing in 1972.
Bridenstine added that he's already talked about the plan with members of Congress.
"Our astronaut office is very diverse and highly qualified", Bridenstine said.
After Trump's announcement Monday, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine tweeted: "This is the boost @NASA needs to move forward with putting the next man and the first woman on the Moon". "No woman has ever walked on the lunar surface", Inclán told CNN in a statement. Those components include both a power and propulsion module and a small habitat module.
Of all those components, only the Orion has flown in space, during an uncrewed test flight in 2014.
The name has also been used for a European communications satellite (retired in 2017) and was the fictional title given to the first city on the moon in author Andy Weir's ("The Martian") 2017 science fiction novel "Artemis."
We found that the epicentres of eight near-surface quakes fall within 30km of a fault scarp, the distance of the expected strong ground shaking. Bridenstine said during the call that he had not been briefed on what those budgetary offsets would be.
By combining information gathered by LRO and data from the various Apollo missions, researchers were able to "advance our understanding of the Moon while suggesting where future missions intent on studying the Moon's interior processes should go", according to LRO project scientist John Keller.
Bridenstine said NASA had been working on a platform or gateway that would orbit between the Earth and moon.
The shrinking of the Moon also offers up parts of the core that have loosened from the mantle.
"The important thing is that we got what we requested", he said. The Moon doesn't undergo cryovolcanism that we've observed (cryovolcanoes may have been observed on Pluto, Titan, and Ceres), and it has no regular ice geyser activity like Enceladus. That's why the moon is so valuable.
"That's important. When we accelerate the lunar programme, we are, by definition, accelerating the humans to Mars programme".
Apart from the plain and simple fact that this new finding helps us understand the Moon better, it is significant because humans are looking to establish a base there by the turn of the century, and information about tectonic activity would be necessary to mitigate risk and help decide optimal locations for explorers to reach.
"We will see various reactions" from Congress, he said.
In March, Vice President Mike Pence prepared the ground to speed up a lunar landing mission, telling the National Space Council that the United States will return astronauts to the moon within five years "by any means necessary", and that "mission success will require more than just money".
"They can build a lander that just integrates with the Gateway, robots, rovers, landers", he said. "We want this to be open architecture. All of these pieces would be interoperable, published on the internet, for anybody who wanted to participate in our sustainable return to the moon".