Netflix distributes the show, which was produced by Warner Bros.
Legal documents state: "What makes this case particularly striking and significant is that it arises in the context of Defendants who are highly sophisticated media production and distribution companies which blatantly misappropriated Plaintiff's unique expression of an idea even though they have a long history of vigorously protecting their own intellectual property".
The Satanic Temple says in its lawsuit - which was filed in NY federal court - that it designed and commissioned its Baphomet and that Netflix's "prominent use of this symbol as the central focal point of the school, associated with evil, cannibalism and murder, blurs and tarnishes the The Satanic Temple Baphomet with Children as a mark of The Satanic Temple".
Satanic Temple does not worship Satan, but instead seeks "to encourage benevolence and empathy among all people".
The Satanic Temple's statue sees a winged man with the head of a goat raising two fingers into the air as two young children stand beside him, looking up.
"Chilling Adventures of Sabrina" is based on the comic book series with the same name from Archie Comics.
The Satanic Temple created a statue of the goat deity Baphomet as part of its campaign to "complement and contrast" a Ten Commandments monument in Oklahoma City on the grounds of religious freedom.
He added: 'It's distressing on the grounds that you have to worry about that association being made where people will see your monument and not know which preceded the other, and thinking that you arbitrarily chose to go with the Sabrina design for your Baphomet monument, which rather cheapens our central icon'.