With President Trump at his side, Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker speaks during a rally October 24, 2018, in Mosinee, Wis.
In southwest Ohio's 1st District, Democrat Aftab Pureval ran a well-funded, high-profile race against Republican Rep. Steve Chabot, but Chabot held him off to win his 12th term.
The two were running to replace outgoing Ohio Gov. John Kasich, one of Trump's most strident critics within the GOP and a potential 2020 presidential primary challenger.
Casey, the 58-year-old son of the late governor, beat Republican Congressman Lou Barletta, a staunch Trump backer who had been endorsed in a state the president won just two years ago.
Accusations of race-baiting dogged Kemp, 55, and DeSantis, 40, who denied the allegations.
Pennsylvania elected a state record four women to the U.S. House on Tuesday as Democrats smashed the state's all-male congressional delegation, picked up three seats in the chamber and ousted a three-term Republican.
The contests for governor in Florida and Georgia - in which liberal black Democrats faced off against white Republicans strongly supported by Trump - had not been resolved by 11 p.m. EST (0400 GMT). Elizabeth Warren, among other 2020 Democratic presidential prospects.
"I think the message is a simple one. A candidate with a moderate tone but progressive in thinking can win in the heartland", former Iowa Gov. Tom Vilsack, a Democrat, said. "Winning the governorships is huge in beginning the process of changing the direction of our politics". The former legislative leader will become the second female governor in a state where Democrats heavily targeted other statewide and legislative offices.
Republican Gov. Bruce Rauner in IL lost his bid for a second term to Democrat J.B. Pritzker. The billionaire appears to have capitalized not only on Rauner's lack of popularity but broader dissatisfaction with President Donald Trump.
Cordray, a 59-year-old former OH state treasurer and attorney general, returned to his home state after a stint as the head of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau - a position to which he was appointed by former President Barack Obama.
In Colorado, Democrat Jared Polis was set to become the first openly gay man to be elected governor of a U.S. state, after NBC News projected him to win against Republican Walker Stapleton. Democrats also broke up existing Republican trifectas in Kansas, Michigan, New Hampshire and Wisconsin. But Democrat Christine Hallquist lost her bid to become the first openly transgender USA governor in Vermont, where Republican incumbent Phil Scott won re-election. Democrat Rachel Crooks lost to incumbent Republican state Rep. Bill Reineke in her first attempt at a public office.
Voters in Colorado, Michigan and Missouri approved ballot measures Tuesday overhauling the redistricting process in ways that are meant to reduce the likelihood of partisan gerrymandering by either major party. A redistricting ballot measure also was on the ballot in Utah.
Republicans, meanwhile, were eyeing a potential pickup in CT, traditionally a Democratic state, though Oregon Governor Kate Brown appeared set to prevail in what had been seen as a competitive race.
The Democratic victories in Kansas and MI will break up Republican trifectas.
The Republican wall that has stood in state capitols for much of the past decade now has a few holes in it.