Marta picked up the Women's Player prize at the FIFA Best Awards, while Lyon's triumph in the Women's Champions League was also recognised.
And as a new dawn in FIFA's awards history broke inside London's Royal Festival Hall, Ronaldo also didn't turn up at the ceremony to be dethroned in person by his former Real Madrid teammate despite being in the final three alongside Liverpool forward Mohamed Salah.
Real Madrid president Florentino Perez (C) poses for a photograph with his players during The Best FIFA Football Awards ceremony, on September 24, 2018 in London.
But neither Cristiano Ronaldo nor Lionel Messi will be in attendance. Receiving a pass from right back Joe Gomez, Salah shrugged off Cuca Martina, twisted inside Idrissa Gueye, and curled a left-footed shot around Ashley Williams and into the top corner.
"I have to thank everyone who for voted me".
Messi's solitary World Cup goal against Nigeria and Ronaldo's spectacular overhead kick against his future employers in the Champions League quarter-finals are two of 10 goals on the shortlist, also including Gareth Bale's acrobatic strike for Real in the Champions League final.
"He deserves it because he was the best player in the Club World Cup and the best player in the World Cup. I also want to thank my idol, member of the Croatia 1998 team Zvonimir Boban who gave us inspiration that we could great things in Russia", Modrić said before saying a few words in Spanish and in Croatian.
"We all know that being a coach, alone we can't do anything".
The 32-year-old, who now plays her club football for Orlando in the United States, has scored 110 goals for Brazil.
Former Chelsea goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois won the goalkeeper of the year prize, beating Leicester's Kasper Schmeichel and Hugo Lloris of Spurs.
Kylian Mbappe, 19, was rewarded with a place in the side after winning the award for the best young player at this summer's World Cup for his impressive performances for France.
A version of the Ballon d'Or has been awarded by France Football magazine since 1956, but was merged with Fifa's World Footballer of the Year award from 2010 to 2015.