Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang said Beijing has lodged stern complaints with Washington over the action, which triggers a ban on entering the USA, forbids conducting transactions with the US financial system and forces the blocking of all property and interests in property within USA jurisdiction.
India and Russian Federation signed an agreement in 2016 to buy the "Triumf" S-400 missile system in 2016 but the United States law CAATSA (Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act) could be a hurdle.
Top officials in the security establishment in New Delhi are keenly tracking developments as the United States imposed sanctions on China for buying Russian Sukhoi fighter jets and S-400 missiles.
The sanctions are related to China's purchase of 10 SU-35 combat aircraft in 2017 and S-400 surface-to-air missile system-related equipment in 2018, the State Department said.
"We strongly urge the U.S. to immediately correct this mistake and rescind the sanctions, or else the USA will bear the consequences", Geng warned.
However, a politician in Moscow said the sanctions would not affect Russian sales of military weapons to other countries. "It would not be bad if they remembered about the concept of global stability, which they are unthinkingly undermining by whipping up tensions in Russia-U.S. relations".
"It appears that it has become a sort of national pastime there", he added, noting the latest round of anti-Russian measures was the 60th since 2011. Under the sanctions law, China's Equipment Development Department, along with its chief Li Shangfu, will be prohibited from accessing the USA financial system and any assets they hold in the U.S. will be frozen.
A senior U.S. administration official, speaking on condition of anonymity, insisted the ultimate target was Russian Federation. When he reluctantly signed the legislation into effect, US President Donald Trump also said the bill was "seriously flawed".