They include the Department of Justice, National Security Agency, Department of Homeland Security and CIA. Then the two departments would have 45 days to determine whether action is required, Coats told reporters. Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) said the move "won't substitute for mandatory sanctions required by law" and shouldn't be used to blunt congressional momentum on the issue.
"They, within another 45 days, will assess the validity and the impact of the intelligence".
If they determine and find anything that reflects an interference with the elections, they then will report that and automatic sanctions will take effect. "It's more than Russian Federation here that we're looking at", he said.
Trump has also said he accepts the strong consensus view of US intelligence agencies that Russian Federation did interfere, including through propaganda and falsehoods spread on social media.
DNI Coats said the measure was being put in place as part of government efforts to report on any suspicious activity between now and November's elections and to do a full assessment after the election that would trigger sanctions if necessary. Possible sanctions include freezing assets, limiting participation in U.S. financial institutions and barring American citizens from investing in companies involved in election meddling.
"These are very sensitive, very risky operations". "We each possess information the other does not have, and the combined information is more powerful in combating these threats".
The executive order in this regard is likely to be signed by Trump as early as Wednesday. Congress passed a Russian Federation sanctions bill more than a year ago.
In the order, the president declared a national emergency, an action required under sanctions authority, to deal with the threat of foreign meddling in USA elections.
The executive order, titled "Imposing Certain Sanctions in the Event of Foreign Interference in a United States Election", will allow for both automatic and further discretionary sanctions against any person, entity or country that interferes or attempts to.
He said he has spoken to members of Congress in recent weeks but indicated that time is a factor.
The issue with waiting on Congress, he explained, is "never knowing how long legislation will take".
"When it comes to foreign policy, my administration has delivered decisively and taken action where previous administrations have not", Trump said.
"This is meant to be a very broad effort to prevent foreign manipulation of the political process", national security adviser John Bolton said during a briefing Wednesday.
The order does not target Russian Federation in particular, but any entity that engages in election meddling.
"It's more than Russian Federation", he said, noting potential threats from China, North Korea and Iran.
Lawmakers and independent analysts say that federal and state action has already made USA voting systems more secure against foreign hackers.
While the intelligence community keeps a close tab on any worldwide interference before the elections, after the elections, the executive order directs the intelligence agencies to assess whether or not whether or not there has been any individual entity, country that has authorised, directed sponsored or otherwise supported an interference in the U.S. election, Coats said.