Cancer To Kill 9.6m Globally In 2018

18 million new cancer cases this year: WHO

UN cancer agency: 18 million new cancer cases this year

An estimated 9.6 million people will die from cancer worldwide in 2018, according to the latest figures from the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

IARC posited that more people would die from cancer, despite the awareness on the disease.

"Best practice measures embedded in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control have effectively reduced active smoking and prevented involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke in many countries", says Dr. Freddie Bray, who heads the Section of Cancer Surveillance at IARC.

The research agency, part of the United Nations and World Health Organization, estimated in its latest annual GLOBOCAN report that cancer will account for one in eight deaths among men and one in 11 among women.

IARC said the rising cancer burden - characterised as the number of new cases, the prevalence, and the number of deaths - was due to several factors, including social and economic development and growing and ageing populations.

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men, accounting for 14.5 per cent of the total cases in men and 8.4 per cent in women, and the leading cause of cancer death in men.

But it added that most countries still face an overall rise in the number of cancer cases diagnosed and needing treatment.

As per IARC Director, Dr Christopher Wild, "These new figures highlight that much remains to be done to address the alarming rise in the cancer burden globally and that prevention has a key role to play".

The number of deaths from these cancers was 2,079 while the total number of prevalent cases (over the past five years) was 13,698, said the report.

Asia, unsurprisingly given its enormous population, accounted for almost half of all new cases and more than half of cancer deaths worldwide in 2018.

For women, breast cancer caused 15 per cent of cancer deaths, followed by lung cancer (13.8 per cent) and colorectal cancer (9.5 per cent). They are also among the five most risky forms of cancer, representing one third of all cancer incidence and mortality worldwide, according to IARC's GLOBOCAN 2018 database, which provides estimates of incidence and mortality in 185 countries for 36 types of cancer. Countries with strong public awareness campaigns and laws that encourage people to quit smoking, such as in Northern Europe and North America, have seen a decline in the number of cases of lung cancer.

Despite being home to just 9% of the global population, Europe is to account for 23.4% of new cases and 20.3% of cancer deaths, followed by the Americas where 21.0% of global incidence and 14.4% of mortality will occur. Africa has approximately 7 percent of the world's cancer cases, but the continent's death rate tends to be higher, mainly because cancers aren't caught early or aren't easily treatable given the limited health resources there.

In the UAE, colorectum cancer topped the list at 437 cases in 2018 in men followed by prostate at 252, leukaemia at 151, bladder at 146 and lung at 145.

In 28 countries, lung cancer is the leading cause of death among women.

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