The list includes hundreds of food products as well as tobacco, coal, chemicals and tyres, dog and cat food, and consumer electronics.
The Trump administration announced Tuesday that it has started the process of implementing fresh tariffs on $200 billion worth of imported Chinese goods. "Unfortunately, China has not changed its behavior - behavior that puts the future of the USA economy at risk". That second round will be derived from a list already released by the US Trade Representative.
"China is forced to strike back to safeguard core national interests and the interests of its people", the Commerce Ministry said in a statement to CNN last week.
The U.S. imposed an initial round of 25% tariffs, applying to $34 billion in imports, as part of a $50 billion tariff plan. The first round of tariffs covered Chinese products ranging from farming plows to machine tools and communications satellites.
China has stepped up action against some USA goods by announcing anti-dumping duties on raw materials used in making optical fibers.
The U.S.is now considering levying duties on a further $16 billion in Chinese goods, after a public hearing later this month. "It will also result in retaliatory tariffs, further hurting American workers", a Chamber spokeswoman said.
The International Monetary Fund has warned that a full-blown trade war could undermine the broadest global upswing in years.
The White House has complained that China has used predatory practices in a relentless push to grant Chinese companies an unfair advantage in the industries of the future, including robotics, electric cars and biopharmaceuticals.
US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said the United States would impose tariffs of 10 percent on the additional Chinese imports. The American president told reporters that tariffs on an additional $16 billion in Chinese goods are set to take effect in two weeks. The U.S. imposed those tariffs to pressure China to stop forcing American companies to hand over trade secrets and other intellectual property to Chinese firms as a condition of doing business there.