The victorious bid collected 134 and 67% of the votes and Morocco received 65 votes or 33%.
"We are ready, we are not afraid", the Argentine told a news conference.
The biggest event Russian Federation has hosted since Soviet times, when the United States and others boycotted the 1980 Moscow Olympics over the invasion of Afghanistan, will put a spotlight on how Russian Federation has, since the chaotic collapse of Communism, resurrected its economy and a tight social order under the former KGB agent.
Morocco have bid five times now and they have been overlooked each time.
Mexico played host to the 1970 and 1986 World Cup. Both bids were of a very high quality and we welcome the fact that the bidding process was both open and transparent. He later chipped the ball in for Russia's fourth goal in stoppage time.
Federation Internationale de Football Association offered a glowing technical assessment of the United bid - but subjective factors could have influenced votes.
How Will The Tournament Work? .
Juan Antonio Pizzi's men struggled to create a chance of note, failed to record a shot on target and gave away possession on countless occasions, enabling Russian Federation to record their first World Cup win since 2002.
Canada has played host to numerous Federation Internationale de Football Association events in the past, including the men's Under-16 World Championship in 1982, the 2002 under-19 women's World Championship, the 2007 men's Under-20 World Cup, the 2014 Under-20 Women's World Cup and the 2015 Women's World Cup.
Canada will officially co-host 2026 FIFA World Cup matches. The others would then be split between Canada and Mexico.
To do so would have invited ridicule when it needed to build or renovate the 14 stadiums it wants to use - a task FIFA's technical report said "cannot be overstated".
The World Cup will go from a 32-team tournament to 48, however the victor will play the same amount of games (7) as they do now. Another three are cities that will have expansion teams coming into MLS.
There are few cliches that hold more truth than a World Cup needing a successful host, and Russian Federation can now throw itself into this tournament in the hope and belief that Cherchesov's team can progress to the knockout stages.