The hung verdict in Karnataka election puts the ball in the court of Governor Vajubhai Vala, with both the BJP and the Congress-JD (S) combine staking claim to form government.
The BJP, which has emerged as the single-largest party with 104 seats, is falling short of 8 seats to prove their majority in the assembly. In the third scenario, Governor Vala can keep the Karnataka assembly in suspended animation. The precedent is there to follow, right? In March 2017, Manipur Governor Najma Heptullah invited the BJP to form the government in the state, despite Congress emerging as the largest party. The three Karnataka MPs- Shoba Karandlaje, G.M. Siddeshwara and P.C. Mohan - in their letter stated that the Congress government in Karnataka was taking the advantage of the political situation which was "fluid following a fractured mandate". According to the Constitution, the decision of the Governor is final and the validity of anything done by him as a matter of his discretion can not be questioned.
What was the row in Goa and Manipur? In Manipur, the BJP had won 21 constituencies and the Congress had 28 seats out of the total 60 seats.
Before he was appointed as the Governor of Karnataka in 2014, Vajubhai Vala is a former RSS man who joined the BJP in Gujarat and served as the party president twice in Gujarat and even served as Finance Minister in Narendra Modi's government.
In the 2002 assembly polls, PM Modi moved to contest from the Maninagar seat and Mr Vala was back to contesting from Rajkot West. "The Governors did not do so in Goa and Manipur but those were breaches."Though the Congress emerged as the single largest party in Manipur and Goa, the BJP ad the last laugh as it managed to form the "largest coalition" after elections and the Governors chose to invite the leader of the largest coalition". A Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government in Gujarat had won a floor test in the assembly on September 18.
When Prime Minister Narendra Modi was Gujarat chief minister, Mr Vala was a Finance minister in his government. He retained the seat till 2001 and gave up it up for Narendra Modi to contest a byelection. He returned to take the seat in 2007 and 2012. As he was not a MLA at that time he had to win an election in six months when the State was grappling with the effects of a powerful quake in Kutch.