Britain has said there are no plans for future strikes against Syria, but foreign minister Boris Johnson warned President Bashar al-Assad that all options would be considered if chemical weapons were used against Syrians again.
"She could have recalled parliament last week. or she could have delayed until tomorrow, when parliament returns", Corbyn, a veteran peace campaigner, said on Sunday.
Syria has denied launching any chemical-weapons attacks, including one on April 7 in the rebel-held enclave of Douma that killed at least 43 people and injured hundreds more and was the catalyst for Friday's airstrikes.
Russian Federation has accused Britain of faking the attack last Saturday, which saw harrowing images of children struggling to breathe circulated on social media.
May will also apply for an emergency debate to give lawmakers "an extended opportunity to discuss the military action", her office said, in what could be an attempt to draw the sting out of any opposition motion for the same.
BBC political correspondent Ben Wright said if approved it would be up to the opposition parties to decide if they wanted a vote at the end of the debate.
That did not stop opposition leader Jeremy Corbyn of the Labour Party, however, of forgetting that she was "accountable to this parliament, not the whims of the U.S. president".
"I think what we need in this country is something more robust like a War Powers Act so that governments do get held to account by Parliament for what they do in our name", he told The Andrew Marr show.
"Governments have to bear in mind the need to be able to act swiftly and flexibly and to protect the safety of our servicemen and women", he added.
She now relies on the support of a small Northern Irish party, which has supported the action in Syria, and has tried to dodge votes that might not go her way.
"If we could get to a process in the United Nations where you get to a ceasefire, you get to a political solution, you then may well get to a situation where there could be a United Nations force established to enforce that ceasefire", he told the BBC's Andrew Marr Show on Sunday.
The intervention "is not going to turn the tide of the conflict", he said, adding that it was about stopping the erosion of the "taboo" of chemical weapons.
Mrs May spoke in Downing Street in the hours after the blitz and insisted the action was a limited and targeted strike to degrade and deter the Syrian government.
"This is something we can not accept, the use of chemical weapons on civilians", he said, "and the worldwide community needs to continue to stand extremely strongly as we continue to hold Syria accountable".
Four Royal Air Force Tornado GR4s joined the co-ordinated missile strikes at 2am on Saturday, launching Storm Shadow missiles at a base 15 miles west of Homs.
The MoD added the facility was located "some distance" from "concentrations of civilian habitation", and the risk of contamination to the surrounding area had been minimised.
There has been no confirmation of any civilian casualties.