The Maine CDC said that both individuals were hospitalized after becoming ill at the end of April. "In fact, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, West Nile Virus, those happen to be transmitted by mosquitoes, not by ticks but it's the same kind of mechanism". Symptoms can begin anytime from one week to one month after the tick bite.
Powassan is extremely rare and risky, according to the CDC. Powassan is a viral infection characterized by fever, headache, vomiting, weakness, confusion, seizures, and memory loss. Patients frequently require hospitalization and can have long-term neurologic problems-and worse, it can be deadly.
-Light clothing makes ticks easier to see. Clothing and gear can be treated with Permethrin for longer protection. "Ticks are found in wooded and bushy areas so use caution if you go into these areas".
Perform daily tick checks.
Researchers advise people to practice landscape management, keep out deer and mice that ticks live on, and, if risk is high, spray pesticides called acaricides on tick habitat. But perhaps the best news is that ticks generally crawl around on your body for up to 24 hours before settling down to bite you (is that good news?!) so your best defense is a good "tick check" after being outdoors.
For more information on Powassan and other tickborne diseases visit www.maine.gov/idepi and click on vector-borne diseases. Conduct a full-body tick check.